All you need to know about a technology stack

The global digital transformation spending stood at $1.5 trillion in 2021. By 2025, this figure is projected to reach around $2.8 trillion. And as a growing number of businesses are looking to tap into the niche, business owners mull over the right choice of technologies to support their IT initiatives. Technological choices or tech stacks define the speed of development, the performance of a solution, and its overall cost.

Today, we’ll learn the nuts and bolts of a tech stack and what criteria you need to think of to select the right tech stack for your company.

The fundamentals of a tech stack

A technology stack is a combination of software and hardware components that are used in the development and deployment of a computer application. The term is usually used to refer to the collection of tools that programmers use to develop, test and deploy software applications.
A technology stack is made up of the following parts:

Operating system - a program that provides basic services for other programs, such as managing memory, disks, etc.
Database - a computer database is a set of related data stored in multiple locations, which is accessible over a network (such as the Internet).
Application server - an application server is a component that hosts applications developed by developers. It provides services like processing requests and storing database data.
Programming language - a technology that refers to high-level languages like C# and Java, which define the usage of project-related libraries and frameworks.
Development environment - a development environment is an integrated set of tools for developing software applications or websites. Such environments include IDEs (integrated development environments), command line interfaces (CLI), and other tools.
Libraries - they are modules that provide functionality for an individual technology such as an API, or data format. They are generally packaged as npm packages.
Frameworks - these are tools that allow developers to deliver projects quickly, easily, and efficiently. They provide an abstraction layer over core functionality so you don't need to worry about writing code every time you want something done. Frameworks include popular frameworks like AngularJS or ReactJS, among others.

What are the top trending tech stacks?

All tech stacks differ by the environment. Be it web development or mobile app development, developers employ different tech stacks to deliver the project.
The most common technology stacks include:

Web application - this includes HTML, CSS, and JavaScript as well as other tools such as databases, security protocols, and web servers.
Mobile apps - this includes native mobile app development tools like iOS and Android SDKs.
Data management - this includes data management systems like NoSQL databases (such as Redis), relational databases (such as MySQL), and NoSQL datastores (such as MongoDB).

Top tech stacks you need to know in 2022
Despite the huge variety of tech stacks, some technology stacks stand to dominate the software development industry as leading technology stacks. Below, you’ll find one of the most popular technologies that have made it into the tech stacks of world-known companies and tech leaders.The MEAN StackThis tech stack revolves around backend tools that come helpful to web development. Since all the components of the stack support JavaScript programming, both the end-to-end application development process can be based on the same technology.
MongoDB, the world's leading NoSQL database, is an easy-to-use technology that stores its data in a JSON-formatted binary file. Express, in turn, is a lightweight, minimalist framework designed for Node.js. It was meant for web-based projects and APIs and comes with a lot of HTTP tools for the developer.
AngularJS is a well-established framework for creating dynamic web applications. This tech stack allows developers to create apps in a clean and maintainable way. Node.js is a robust JavaScript runtime for developing server-side web applications. Node.js applications can run across multiple environments, including OS X, Microsoft Windows, and IBM operating systems, and others.The MERN stackThis technology stack is one of the popular technology stacks for creating single-page applications. This tech stack is a JavaScript stack designed to simplify the development process. It consists of four open source components, including MongoDB, Express, React, and Node.js. These components provide a comprehensive environment for developers to work in.The LAMP stackLAMP is a go-to tech stack for developing enterprise-grade websites and web applications. LAMP consists of Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. The versatility of this tech stack makes it a no-brainer combination that boasts scalability and cost effectiveness. Being easily customizable, it can support the evolving needs of tech-savvy businesses with highly secure and adaptable approaches.

Identifying the tech stack for your project

Launching any tech project calls for painstaking planning and thorough decision-making in the initial stages of its development. The key to a successful solution is pinpointing the right tech stack. Here’s how you can pick your tech stack.

Define the development area

First of all, you need to decide on how complex your project will be. Thus, small-scale, single-page websites are better off with the simple Node. js-React tech stack. Medium-sized projects require tech stacks of greater complexity, including several levels of coding languages and several frameworks.

On the same line, mobile, web, and cloud-based projects differ in underlying technologies, thus calling for a different tech stack.

Assess your experience

The choice of your tech stack should resonate with the existing system maturity. Thus, if you already have a team of JS developers on site, choosing a JS-based tech stack will help you bring down operational costs and hiring burdens. If the relevant tech stack doesn’t click with your internal expertise, consider farming your project to a third-party provider.

Scalability of the architecture

Having a scalable tech stack is what ensures the long-term success of your business. Your solution should be able to adjust to evolving workloads and have hassle-free scalability options.

Security level

The security of user personal data is important for any application. However, fintech or healthtech solutions should provide maximum security, thus requiring a secure tech stack.

The final word

The choice of a tech stack can either make or break your project. When deciding on the right technology stack, make sure you factor in the project requirements, your current potential, and the scalability of your architecture.